Metabolic Syndrome in adolescents down: a glimmer of hope?

Metabolic syndrome in adolescents down: a glimmer of hope?

American Heart Association publishes yearly updates to the heart disease and stroke statistics. One of the interesting chapters covers the metabolic syndrome numbers. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that is basically a highway to a serious decline in health, as it encompasses glucose metabolism disturbances, obesity, high blood lipids profiles and hypertension.

In America there is 34.4% and 29% men that fit the metabolic syndrome diagnostic criteria and these numbers increase with advancing age in both sexes. In population over 60 years of age, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is over 44%.

The 2018 update to heart disease and stroke statistics however brings an optimistic observation. The association notes a decline in metabolic syndrome prevalence in the youth population (between 12 and 19 years of age) during the 2009-2012 period. The reason behind this optimistic data seems to be obvious increase in the average HDL cholesterol levels and decrease in the average triglycerides levels. Both are attributed in certain lifestyle modifications, especially decreased intake of carbs and increased intake of unsaturated fats (Benjamin et al., 2018). Since the young are the future, we hope that this positive trend continues.

Metabolic Syndrome in adolescents down: a glimmer of hope?

BENJAMIN, E.J. et al. 2018. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2018 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation, vol. 137, no. 12, pp. e67-e492, 10.1161/cir.0000000000000558

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